Assignment 1- Research

To help me understand a bit more about green areas in cities and help me create better images for my project I have done some research on the subject. This is hopefully going to make me understand why constructed countrysides such as parks are made.

Nature deficiency disorder:

Definition: refers to a hypothesis by Richard Louv in his 2005 book Last Child in the Woods that human beings, especially children, are spending less time outdoors resulting in a wide range of behavioral problems.

This phrase was invented by the author Richard Louv in his book ‘Last child in the woods‘ to explain how a lack of nature may effect today’s children. Louv talks about how the new generation don’t have exposure to the countryside and ‘green areas’ this is due to more areas being urban, this restricts outside play and draw children to stay inside. Louv suggests that the human brain isn’t ready for this change and being outside is an important part of development, some children can adapt to this change, however if they don’t they could develop symptoms such as attention problems, obesity, anxiety and depression. This is not a medical condition but the result of not being exposed to green areas and outside.

Although this disorder is not classed as a medical disorder, the symptoms can cause medical conditions in later life such as: pulmonary, cardiovascular, and mental health problems. As a direct cause of Nature deficiency disorder this generation may be the first to face a shorter lifespan than their parents.

This research suggests that parks and green areas are important in cities as it gives the children a countryside to go to to avoid these symptoms. It has proved to be an important part of development and growing up, so the community and government are willing to spend money to provide these areas for future generations as the world gets more and more urbanised.

The role of urban parks for the sustainable city:

  • Having parks or green areas in cities provides benefits such as: environmental and ecological services that would otherwise not be able to happen due to the high amount of urban areas, it also has many psychological and social benefits to human societies, which will enrich human life with meaning and emotion.

Louv,R. 2013. Last child in the woods [online]. Available from http://richardlouv.com/books/last-child/. [12th November]

Scott, A. 2013. THE NATURE OF CITIES: The scope and limits of urban theory [online]. Available at http://www.lse.ac.uk/geographyandenvironment/whoswho/profiles/michael%20storper/pdf/natureofcities.pdf . [10th November]

Elesvier,B.V. 2014. The role of urban parks for the sustainable city [online]. Available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204603001865. [10th November]

Education.com. 2006-2014. Nature deficit disorder [online]. Available at http://www.education.com/topic/nature-deficit-disorder/. [12th November]

Mumford, L. 1984. The city in history (PELICAN). Edition 1. Penguin in association with Secker & Warburg. Harmondsworth, England

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